Application of the Amplex red/horseradish peroxidase assay to measure hydrogen peroxide generation by recombinant microsomal enzymes

TitleApplication of the Amplex red/horseradish peroxidase assay to measure hydrogen peroxide generation by recombinant microsomal enzymes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsMishin V., Gray J.P, Heck D.E, Laskin D.L, Laskin J.D
JournalFree Radic Biol MedFree Radic Biol Med
Volume48
Pagination1485-91
Date PublishedJun 1
ISBN Number1873-4596 (Electronic)<br/>0891-5849 (Linking)
Accession Number20188819
KeywordsAnimals, Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/*metabolism, Horseradish Peroxidase/*metabolism, Humans, Hydrogen Peroxide/analysis/*metabolism, Microsomes, Liver/*enzymology, NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase/metabolism, Oxazines/*diagnostic use, Rats, Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism, Recombinant Proteins/metabolism
Abstract

The formation of reactive oxygen species by the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase system is thought to be due to autoxidation of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase and the nonproductive decay of oxygen-bound cytochrome P450 intermediates. To characterize this process in recombinant microsomal enzymes, we used a highly sensitive hydrogen peroxide assay based on Amplex red oxidation. This assay is 20 times more sensitive (LLD=5.0pmol/assay and LLQ=30pmol/assay) than the standard ferrous thiocyanate assay for detection of hydrogen peroxide. We found low, but detectable, spontaneous generation of hydrogen peroxide by recombinant human NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase complexes (0.09nmol hydrogen peroxide/min/100Units of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase). Significantly higher rates of hydrogen peroxide production were observed when recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes were coexpressed with NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (0.31nmol of hydrogen peroxide/min/100Units of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase). This was independent of the addition of any exogenous cytochrome P450 substrates. These data demonstrate that cytochrome P450s are a major source of hydrogen peroxide in the recombinant cytochrome P450 monooxygenase system. Moreover, substrate binding is not required for the cytochrome P450s to generate reactive oxygen species.